Sunday, 7 February 2016

Reported Speech.

Go back in time to the 26th in January, 2014. You have there a good bunch of exercises. Have a go.

Sunday, 26 April 2015

USE OF ENGLISH

USE OF ENGLISH Most of them have got the solution. Guess out solutions of the unsolved; CLUE: Use your classmates.

Use of English Castilla y Leon 2000 by jesusjaviermartin

Wednesday, 6 November 2013

... last ones.

Perfect Modal by Cecilia Garfias

SOME USEFUL AND COMPLETE EXPLANATIONS ABOUT MODAL VERBS

Modals by Ghita Daniel

... and more modal Perfects

Directions: Complete each question or sentence with should have or could have, and a main verb. (10 points)
For example: You ________ ________ __________ (be) more helpful to that elderly woman. (advice)
  * should have = past advice, capability, or responsibility   /   * could have = past possibility
1. I _________ _________ _________ (help) you last weekend if you had asked. (possibility)
2. He _________ ________ ___________ (talk) to the doctor about his stomach pains. (advice)
3. _____________ they _________ ____________(do) all that work already? (possibility)
4. Maria __________ ___________ ____________ (eat) that whole pizza by herself--she was so hungry! (possibility)
5. My students ___________ __________ __________ (finish) their assignment by now. (capability)
6. ____________n't that company __________ ____________ (pay) their employees on time? (responsibility)
7. Why ___________n't you __________ ___________ (meet) my earlier? Now we don't have any time. (possibility)
8. The disaster ____________ never ___________ ________________(happen) . It was preventable. (possibility)
9. President Bush __________ __________ ___________(tell) the American people they needed to make more personal sacrifices once the Iraq War began. (responsibility)
10. You __________ __________ __________(be) able to complete the test within 60 minutes. (capability -- in this sentence, "complete" is the main verb. That means there are seven words in the verb phrase!)
Directions: Complete each sentence or question with would have or should have and a main verb. (10 points)
     * would have = past tense of will    /    * should have = past advice, capability, or responsibility
1. If I had known you were coming, I _________ ___________ ____________ (make) extra cookies.
2. We __________ _________ __________ (fix) the leak in the roof before the storm made it worse.
3. You _________n't _________ __________ (go) into that strange house if it was empty.
4. It __________ _________ __________ (take) longer to get dinner made without your help.
5. Before going to the beach, they _________ __________ __________(check) the weather because it rained.
6. The doctor told her she __________ __________ ___________ (be) on a diet the last few years.
7. The party _________ __________ ____________ (be) more fun if you were there.
8. My friend __________ _________ _________ (make) a lot of money if he had sold his stock in the company earlier.
9. I __________ __________ ____________ (do) anything just to spend a few more hours with you.
10. They really ___________n't ___________ gotten _____________ (marry) so fast.

SOLUTIONS
Directions: Complete each question or sentence with should have or could have, and a main verb. (10 points)
For example: You ________ ________ __________ (be) more helpful to that elderly woman. (advice)
  * should have = past advice, capability, or responsibility   /   * could have = past possibility
1. I could have helped (help) you last weekend if you had asked. (possibility)
2. He should have talked (talk) to the doctor about his stomach pains. (advice)
3. Could they have done (do) all that work already? (possibility)
4. Maria could have eaten (eat) that whole pizza by herself--she was so hungry! (possibility)
5. My students should have finished (finish) their assignment by now. (capability)
6. Shouldn't that company have paid (pay) their employees on time? (responsibility)
7. Why couldn't you have met (meet) my earlier? Now we don't have any time. (possibility)
8. The disaster should never have happened. It was preventable. (possibility)
9. President Bush should have told (tell) the American people they needed to make more personal sacrifices once the Iraq War began. (responsibility)
10. You should have been (be) able to complete the test within 60 minutes. (capability -- in this sentence, "complete" is the main verb. That means there are seven words in the verb phrase!)

Directions: Complete each sentence or question with would have or should have and a main verb. (10 points)
     * would have = past tense of will    /    * should have = past advice, capability, or responsibility
1. If I had known you were coming, I would have made (make) extra cookies.
2. We should have fixed (fix) the leak in the roof before the storm made it worse.
3. You shouldn't have gone (go) into that strange house if it was empty.
4. It would have taken (take) longer to get dinner made without your help.
5. Before going to the beach, they should have checked (check) the weather because it rained.
6. The doctor told her she should have been (be) on a diet the last few years.
7. The party would have been (be) more fun if you were there.
8. My friend would have made (make) a lot of money if he had sold his stock in the company earlier.
9. I would have done (do) anything just to spend a few more hours with you.
10. They really shouldn't have got married (marry) so fast.

More Modal Perfects

Must have, Can't have, or Needn't have Exercises
Must have + past participle: to say that you're sure something was true or happened.
eg. It's 10.30 and Mike still isn't at the office. I think he must have overslept.

Can't/Couldn't have + past participle:
 
to say that you're sure something wasn't true or didn't happen.
eg. Theresa walked past me without saying a word. She can't have seen me.

Needn't have + past participle:

to talk about an action which was done but which was unnecessary.
eg. You needn't have gone to the supermarket. We've still got plenty of food.


Exercise 1.

Complete the sentences with must have, can't have, or needn't have, + past participle.

1. Jamie passed his exam with a distinction. He __________ (study) very hard.

2. We found the exam extremely easy. We __________ (study) so hard.

3. Janet failed her exam. She __________ (study) much.

4. We __________ (hurry). We got there far too early.

5. Neil's looking very happy. He __________ (get) the payrise he wanted.

6. Neil's looking very annoyed. He __________ (get) the payrise he wanted.

7. I can't find my book anywhere. I __________ (leave) it on the train.

8. You __________ (make) lunch. We've already eaten.


Exercise 2.

1. I think the match __________ (start). Everybody's gone into the stadium and you can hear them cheering.

2. Have you seen the Prime Minister's new house? It __________ (cost) a fortune!

3. Karen __________ (take) the car. The keys are still here.

4. You __________ (water) the garden. It's just started raining!

5. In the end Gary's injury wasn't very serious and the doctor said he could keep on playing football. We __________ (worry) so much.

6. Tina's cake was a disaster. She __________ (follow) the recipe very well.

7. In the end it didn't rain, so I __________ (bring) my brolly*.

8. "I saw Grace this morning at the bank".
- "You __________ (do)! She's away on her honeymoon. You __________ (see) someone else."

* brolly = umbrella


ANSWERS

Exercise 1.
1. must have studied
2. needn't have studied
3. can't/couldn't have studied
4. needn't have hurried
5. must have got
6. can't/couldn't have got
7. must have left
8. needn't have made


Exercise 2.
1. must have started
2. must have cost
3. can't/couldn't have taken
4. needn't have watered
5. needn't have worried
6. can't/couldn't have followed
7. needn't have taken
8. can't have done; must have seen

Modal Perfects

Wednesday, 24 April 2013